PCOS is a common female endocrine disorder commonly found during the reproductive age and affecting approximately 5-12% of the female population. This is one of the common causes of obesity, menstrual irregularity, sub-infertility or infertility in women. This is called a syndrome to best describe its complex manifestations in many organs and to cover factors like obesity, insulin resistance, irregular periods, abnormal periods, lack of ovum production, etc.
In Ayurveda, PCOS comes under the chapter of Yoni Vyapat (utero vaginal disorders) and is one of 20 diseases in that section.
Cause of PCOS
The exact cause of PCOS is still not known to modern medicine. This condition is when a hormonal imbalance affects follicular growth during the ovarian cycle, causing the affected follicles to remain in the ovary. These follicles then form into a cyst and, every ovarian cycle, results in multiple new cysts.
The ancient science Ayurveda looks at any disease as an imbalance. Ayurveda classifies PCOS as a Kapha disorder. Arthava dhatu is the tissue responsible for reproduction in the female body and the channel that carries the reproductive fluid is called artavavaha srota. PCOS is due to Kapha blocking Vata and Pitta function, leading to movement being obstructed and metabolism being supressed.
History of an improper diet/lifestyle and excessive consumption of hormonal/contraceptive pills are major causes of PCOS. Mental stress and lack of physical exercise are marked among provoking factor of PCOS.
Common symptoms of PCOS:
- Menstrual disorder
- Anovulation or delay in ovulation that may lead to infertility
- Uncontrolled weight gain
- Skin conditions like acne or baldness
- Excessive body hair
Ayurvedic Management of PCOS
Ayurveda applies a holistic approach towards the management of PCOS. The personalised treatment helps to balance hormones, rectifying the cause of imbalance and establishing balancing bio energies Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
The main line of Ayurveda treatment will follow these protocols:
- Ayurvedic detoxification of body
- Strengthening and revitalizing the female reproductive system
- Rectifying hormonal imbalance
- Managing obesity and insulin resistance
Panchakarma (Ayurvedic detox)
Panchakarma is described as the first line of treatment for PCOS and helps to treat the root cause by eradicating toxins from the reproductive system. This detoxifies organs like the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and the vagina, as well as balancing hormones. Some major procedures include Virechana (therapeutic purgation), uttar vasti (uterovaginal enema) and Vasti (enema).
A personalized program is prepared after a detail consultation with an Ayurveda specialist.
- Varuna- Crataeva nurvala
- Haritaki – Terminalia chebula
- Pippali – Piper longum
- Bilva – Aegle marmelos
- Agni mantha – Premna integrifolia
- Punarvana – Boerrhavia diffusa
- Guduchi – Tinospora indica
- Chitraka – Plumbago zeylanica
- Shunthi – Ginger
- Varunadi Kashaya
- Chitrakadi Vati
- Triphala Guggulu
- Punarvadi Kashaya
- Shatavari Gulam
PCOS should be taken care of as early as possible. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment helps to avoid complication and chronicity. Late diagnosis by neglecting minor complaints over menstrual periods may lead to chronic complications.
Note: This article is composed for the public’s general awareness. Please do not use this information for your own diagnosis and treatment. Prior consultation with an Ayurveda doctor is recommended for the right diagnosis and treatment.