The prostate is a walnut sized gland that lies between the rectum and the pubic bone. Only men have a prostate. It surrounds the urethra at the urinary bladder opening and it plays a role in processing seminal fluid.
A non-cancerous growth of the prostate gland in men, which occurs with natural ageing, is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). An enlarged prostate gland affects nearly 20% of the men at the age of 40yrs, 70% at age 60 and 90% by the age of 80yrs. Although prostate enlargement is a normal process of ageing, sometimes the growth is rapid and may need medical intervention. An accurate diagnosis of BPH is required before starting any treatment.
Theayurvedic name for the prostrate is asashteela which means a small stone used to sharpen swords, a hard gland present below umbilical. When the gland is affected by excess vata, it gives rise to a condition called vathaashteela.
- controlling the urge of urination
- controlling the urge of defecation
- over-indulgence in sex
- consuming dry, cold and not enough food
- old age
- general weakness
- physical and mental over-exertion.
Symptoms of Benign Prostate Hypertrophy
- Hesitancy or delay in starting to urinate
- A poor or intermittent stream of urination
- Straining to empty the bladder
- Terminal dribbling (The flow of urine continues after the main stream has finished, sometimes in spurts or dribbles. Occasionally a second large volume of urine is passed.)
- Post-urination dribbles
- A sensation of incomplete bladder emptying.
Bladder Irritability symptoms
- Painful urination (dysuria)
- High frequency of urination – day and/or night
- Urgency to urinate
- Involuntary urination at night (nocturnal enuresis)
Ayurvedic management of enlarged prostate
Ayurveda prescribeds a list of herbs, formulations and procedures for treating enlarged prostate. Ayurvedic herbal medicines used to treat this condition can be used long-term, even in the elderly population, without risk of serious or adverse side effects. Simple diet and lifestyle changes can also support long-term health.
Panchakarma detox to treat enlarged prostate
Ayurvedic herbs for prostate
- Varuna (Crataeva Nurvala)
- Shilajeet (Mineral pitch and Asphaltum)
- Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera)
- Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris)
- Khadira (Cucurbita maxima)
Lifestyle management for enlarged prostate
- Urinate as soon as the urge arises.
- Remain sexually active.
- Take time to urinate when it is convenient, even if there is no urge.
- When you take long trips, make frequent stops to urinate.
- Sit on a hard seat or chair, instead of a soft one, whenever possible.
- Drink eight or more glasses of water every day.
- Avoid vata-increasing factors like alcohol, tobacco, smoking and coffee.
- Avoid foods which cause constipation.
- Avoid dampness and cold temperatures.
- Control stress.
- Reduce mental exertion at work place and at home.
- Do pelvic floor muscle exercises.
- Don’t control the natural urges of urination.
- Do not drink liquids too close to bedtime.
- Take medications for cold and allergy that contain decongestants such as pseudoephedrine.